Having trouble deciphering an abbreviation? Check the Cocoknits glossary. We've included common terms, their definitions, and some links to videos. Check out our tutorial pages for more resources.

A B C D E F G I K M P R S T W Y

approx

approximately

beg

begin, beginning

BO

Bind Off (cast off) (video instructions: Jeny’s Stretchy Bind-Off)

CC

Contrasting Color

circ

circular

CO
cont

continue

dec, decs, dec’d

decrease, decreases, decreased

dpn(s)

double pointed needle(s)

est

established

foll

follow, following

G or garter st

knit all stitches on both right side and wrong side

inc, incs, inc’d

increase, increases, increased

K, k

knit

k1f&b or kf&b

(increase) knit through the front and back of the next stitch

k2tog

(decrease) knit two stitches together

k3tog

(decrease) knit 3 stitches together

KLL

(increase) Knit Left Loop: Tutorial

KRL

(increase) Knit Right Loop: Tutorial

ktbl

knit through the back loop

kwise

knitwise. To insert your needle into a stitch as if to knit.

m

marker

M1

(increase) Make one stitch. Pick up the horizontal yarn between two stitches and knit into the back of it, thus making a new stitch.

M1R

(increase) Make 1 Right

MC

Main Color

MD

(decrease) Mitered Decrease – Slip 2 sts tog as if to k2tog, k1, pass the 2 slipped sts over.

P, p

Purl

P2tog

Purl two together

PCO

Provisional Cast-On

pf&b

purl through the front and back of the next stitch

PLL

(increase) Purl Left Loop: Tutorial

PM

Place Marker

PRL

(increase) Purl Right Loop: Tutorial

psso

pass the slipped stitch over

ptbl

purl through the back loop

PU

Pick Up stitches (video instructions: Pick Up Then Knit)

p-wise

purlwise. To insert your needle into a stitch as if to purl.

rem

remain, remaining

rep

repeat

rev st st

reverse stockinette stitch (purl on the right side of the work, knit on the wrong side of the work)

rnd, rnds

round, rounds

RS

Right Side

Shadow Wrap (SWSR)

Shadow Wrap Short Rows: Tutorial

short row

see “Shadow Wrap” or “yo short rows”

sl

slip

sl m

slip marker

ssk

(decrease) slip, slip, knit. Slip two stitches separately as if to knit, then place the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together.

sssk

(double decrease) slip three stitches separately as if to knit, then place the left needle into the fronts of these three stitches and knit them together.

st, sts

stitch, stitches

St st

Stockinette stitch (knit on the right side of the work, purl on the wrong side of the work)

tbl

through the back loop

tog

together

WIP

Work In Progress

WS

Wrong Side

wyib

with yarn in back

wyif

with yarn in front

yd, yds

yard, yards

yo

yarn over

yo short rows

yarn over short rows: Tutorial