How to Knit Yarn Over Short Rows

This yarn over (yo) short row technique is only used in a few Cocoknits patterns, like Veronika.

The Cocoknits preferred short row technique is the Shadow Wrap Short Row (SWSR). This is used in Cocoknits Method sweaters and other patterns.


Here are the instructions for yo Short Rows.


Step 1

If you are knitting along on the RS and the directions now say w&t for a short row


Step 2

Don’t wrap and turn, but instead simply turn your work


Step 3

And do a yarn-over onto the right needle


Step 4

And now purl back.

Can you see that the third st in on the rt needle is not a st, but a yo?


Step 5

Okay, now here’s how it looks on a WS purl row. Here’s where you are supposed to w&t.


Step 6

Instead, turn your work and do a yo onto the rt needle


Step 7

And now knit back.

Again, do you see that the 4th st on the rt needle is just the loop of a yo?

Be careful not to count each yo as a stitch. If in doubt about whether a “stitch” is really a stitch or a yo, look carefully at the RS of your work.


Step 8

If it is a stitch, you will be able to follow the v’s down the rows below it. But if it’s a yo, it will be coming out the side of a stitch without a row of v’s below it. If you study the picture above, do you see that the 4th st on the rt needle is really a yo? Another clue will be the big gap…when you come to one, you know that on one side or the other of that gap is a yo which will be used to close that gap. See it just to the right of the yo?

When you come back to those yo’s, you are going to work them together with the st next to them to close the gap you created by turning your work in the middle of a row, same idea as a wrap and turn, but easier to execute.


Step 9

If on the RS you are knitting along and you come across this:

A yo, followed by the gap you need to close, followed by a knit st, you will perform a knit 2 together, knitting together the yo with the stitch in order to close that gap.


Step 10

If on the WS you come across this:

The yo, followed by the gap to be closed, followed by a purl st, you will perform a ssp. [slip two sts separately as if to knit, slide those two sts back onto the left needle and purl them together through the back loops]


Step 11

If on the RS you come across this:

A knit stitch, followed by the gap, followed by the yarn over, you will perform a ssk. [slip two sts separately as if to knit, put your left needle into their fronts and knit them together]


Step 12

If on the WS you come across this:

The purl stitch, followed by the gap, followed by the yarn over, you will p2tog.


Step 13

And if you do this, here is what your short rows will look like.

Completely invisible shaping!



Very, very interesting! Thanks!!!


Hi Tricia, It’s not supposed to be! The YO short rows will give you that detail of a yarn over. If you’re looking for an invisible short row, we recommend the Shadow Wrap Short Row technique, we have a tutorial of it here:


This method of short row is FAR from invisible!!!


Rhoda Goldstein – It sounds like you have a pattern question, we think it would be best for you to reach out to the designer of that pattern for support. Thanks!

Rhoda Goldstein

I am working the short rows on the Morning Sky pattern but I am only knitting half the stitches in the round. Is this correct, or did I miss something?


Hi Cathy, that sounds like a pattern question – we recommend reaching out to the designer directly for some support. Thanks!

Cathy Correll

I am knitting the daydream sweater and have come to the hemline shaping. I am not clear as to what this means — the first numbers include the yo’s and the numbers in brackets exclude the yo’s.


This is a reply to carol. I have made Sunshine Coast and 2 others of Heidi’s patterns. This is the short row she recommends. It should not leave a hole, because you knit the yo with the stitch next to it. This pattern also has yo stitches that leave a hole as a decorative element, but the short row yarn overs should not leave a hole.


I’m working on the Sunshine Coast pattern. Is the “yarn over short row” directions the one I should be using? Does this create the decorative holes in the sweater pattern? Thank you

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